Popes traditionally wear white garments. Pope Benedict XVI has added a few special touches, including a fur-trimmed stocking cap called a camauro. Popular in the Middle Ages, it’s not practical for Washington in April, but you might see the pope wearing these items during his visit to the U.S. this week:
• Miter: A tall, white, pointed hat worn by the pope, cardinals and bishops. It is removed during prayer.
• Zucchetto: A skullcap worn under the miter. The pope’s zucchetto is white. Cardinals wear red ones, and bishops’ are violet.
• Mantum: A papal cape. Recent popes hadn’t worn one, but Benedict brought it back.
• Pallium: A circular white-wool band draped around the neck and over the shoulders. It is adorned with small crosses and has two hanging flaps, one in front, the other in back.
• Mozzetta: A short cape reaching to the elbows. The pope has three versions: red satin for summer, red velvet for winter and white for Eastertime. A papal mozzetta may have a small hood.
• Red leather shoes: The color symbolizes the blood of the martyrs, people who chose to suffer or die rather than give up their faith.
• Fisherman’s ring: Made of gold, it’s a symbol of his authority stemming from St. Peter, a fisherman by trade. When Benedict dies, his ring will be crushed and a new one made for the next pope. Source...